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Hello friends, let's start our new lesson.
But, first of all we must apologize for the long absence from lesson
because we've been working to publish "Kurashi no Nihongo (Daily life in Japanese) revised edition"
Today's lesson is NARU which means change as follows:
1. i-adjective + naru akai + naru akaku naru (
2. na-adjective + naru genkina + naru genkini naru
3. noun + naru isha + naru isha ni naru
4. verb + naru
i) nattoo ga taberareru yoo ni naru
(become able to eat fermented soybeans)
ii) asa hayaku okiru yoo ni naru (learn to get up early)
1. akaku naru (i-adjective + naru)
Hi ga nagaku narimashita. (The days have become longer.)
Kodomo ga ookiku narimashita. (Children have grown up.)
Dandan atatakaku natte kimashita. (It's getting warmer and warmer.)
Wakai josei no sukaato no take ga mijikaku narimashita. (The length of young girls' skirts has become short.)
Takaku noboru ni tsurete, kion wa hikuku narimasu. (As you go up higher, the temperature gets lower.)
Konogoro yasai no nedan ga takaku natte imasu . (Nowadays prices of vegetables are more expensive.)
Sensei ni homerarete ureshiku narimashita. (I was happy to be praised by the teacher.)
Hada ga shiroku naru kuriimu ga saikin yoku ureteiru soodesu . (I hear that a cream to make skin fair has sold well lately.)
2. genkini naru (na-adjective + naru)
Tesuto mo owatte, himani narimashita.(As the test is over, I'm free now.)
Nihon ni kita bakari no toki wa kiraidatta noni, konogoro nattoo ga sukini narimashita.
(I hated nattoo(fermented soybeans) in the first days when I came to Japan, but now I like it.)
Tonari no musume-san chikagoro mekkiri kireini natta ne.(You know the daughter next door
has grown very beautiful lately.)
Kangaereba kangaeru hodo fuanni naru.(The more I think about it, the more anxious I become.)
Ano hito wa fudan wa inkina hito dakedo, osake ga hairu to yukaini naru
.(That man is gloomy by nature, but once he drinks he gets cheerful.)
Tsuitara denwa suru kara to itte dekaketakiri nan no renraku mo nai musuko no koto ga shinpaini natta
.(I have had no news from my son since he went out saying that he would make contact on his arraival there
so I get afraid of him..)
3. isha ni naru (noun + naru)
Aki ni naru to, ki no ha no iro ga midori kara aka ya kiiro ni naru
.(When fall comes, colors of leaves turn from green to red and yellow.)
Shokyuu ga owatte chuukyuu ni narimashita.(We finished a beginning course and
have entered into an intermediate.)
Ame de shiai wa chuushi ni narimashita.(The game was stopped by rain.)
Kongetsu kara ano mise mo 24 (nijyuu-yo) jikan eigyoo
ni naru rashii yo
.(They say that from this month that shop also starts to open 24 hours a day.)
Kanojo mo zuibun otona ni natta mono da.(I was surprised how much she'd grown up.)
Kekkonshiki no soodan o shiteiru uchini itsunomanika kooron ni natte shimatta.
(We fell quarreling while talking about our wedding ceremony.)
Kanji ga kakeru yoo ni narimashita.(I learned to write kanji.)
i) Nattoo ga taberareru yoo ni naru (potencial verb+ yoo ni naru: indicates that a state in which something cannot be done has changed into a state in which it can be done.)
Ryoori ga dekiru yoo ni narimashita.(I learned to cook.)
Ninjin ga taberareru yoo ni narimashita.(I've become able to eat carrots.)
Uchino musuko wa10 kagetsu(jyukkagetsu)de arukeru yoo ni nattandesu yo.
(My son became able to walk when he was only 10 months old.)
ii) Asa hayaku okiru yoo ni naru (dynamic verb + yoo ni naru: means that a habit which did not exist before has been acquired or a habit which existed before has become obsolete.)
Kare wa yoku shitsumon suru yoo ni narimashita.(He learned to ask many questions.)
4 (yon) sai no musume ga kono 4 (shi) gatsu kara yoochien ni kayou yoo ni natta.(My daughter of 4 years old started to go to infant school from last April.)
Konogoro hayaku me ga sameru yoo ni narimashita.(I wake up early these days.)
Kare mo yatto majimeni benkyoosuru yoo ni narimashita.(At last he started to study earnestly.)
Hikkoshite kara tsuma ni kuruma de okutte morau yoo ni narimashita.(I have had my wife drive me since we moved.)
Nihon dewa mukashi wa sengyoo shufu ga ookatta nodesu ga, ima wa ookuno shufu ga sotode hataraku yoo ni narimashita.
(In Japan, most housewives in former days worked only inside their houses,but these days a lot of them work outside.)
Izen wa amari osake o nomimasendeshita ga, konogoro wa tsukiai de yoku nomu yoo ni narimashita
.(I didn't drink so much before, but these days I drink much in social lives.)
Mukashi wa kazoku sorotte yuushoku o tabemashita ga, ima wa moo betsubetsu ni taberu yoo ni narimashita.
(All my family used to dine together, but nowadays we dine separately.)
* verb + tai (want to do)/verb + yasui (easy to do)/verb + nikui (hard to do)/nai-form verb are included in the pattern of the above #1: i-adjective + naru.
Hisashiburini haha no koe ga kikitaku natte, uchi ni denwa o shita.(kikitai)(I called home as I wanted to hear my mother's voice.)
Yuki de michi ga suberiyasuku natteiru kara, ki o tsuketa hoo ga ii desu yo.
(suberiyasui)(You'd better take care not to slip as the road has become slippery for the snow.)
Wareware ga kodomo no toki wa sotode yoku asobimashita ga, ima no kodomo wa sotode
asobanaku narimashita.(asobanai)(We used to play outside in our childhood, but children of today do not.)
As for the negative form of ( verbs+yoo ni naru) ,both naku naru and nai yoo ni naru can be used, but the former (#1 i-adjective pattern) is commonly used.
You've been learning naru through #1 to #4 above. However, there are na-adjectives,
nouns and verbs that denote change itself. So, you do not have to
use naru with such words. Following sentences (X) show common
mistakes that Japanese learners often make. (O) shows a possible
correct expression respectively.
X isashiburini ii eiga o mite manzoku ni naru.
X Watashi no kuni wa 30 (sanjyuu) nen mae ni dokuritsu ni natta.
- O Hisashiburini ii eiga o mite manzoku da. (or manzokushita)
(I'm satisfied to see such a good movie that I haven't seen for a long time.)
X Nihon no seikatsu ni nareru yoo ni natta.
- O Watashi no kuni wa 30 nen mae nidokuritsushita.
(My country became independent 30 years ago.)
X Kaisha o kubi ni natte komaru yoo ni narimashita.
- O Nihon no seikatsu ni nareta. (or naretekita)
(I've got used to living in Japan.)
X Omoi byooki o shite karada ga yowaru yoo ni narimashita.
- O Kaisha o kubi ni natte komarimashita. (or komatteimasu)
(I've been in difficulties since I was fired.)
X Minna ga tetsudatte kureru node tasukaru yoo ni narimashita.
- O Omoi byooki o shite karada ga yowaku narimashita.
(I've got weak since I suffered from a severe sickness.)
You've learned much about naru that indicates change in state, but it might
be so difficult for you to understand as today's lesson contains expressions peculiar in Japanese.
- O Minna ga tetsudatte kureru node tasukarimasu.
(It is very helpful of you all to give me a hand.)
For next lesson we'll take up SURU which indicates volitional change.
Thank you and until next time!
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